Okinawans Rage at Textbook Lies

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The Japanese government’s attempts to revise history textbooks to suggest Okinawan civilians were not butchered or forced into committing suicide by the Imperial Army to keep them out of American hands has run up against near unanimous opposition from Okinawans, surveys reveal.

The main historical issue in question is regarding the massacres of Japanese (Okinawan) civilians by the Japanese Imperial Army towards the end of the Battle of Okinawa, the successful but costly invasion of the islands by US forces towards the end of WWII.

The traditional historical account, favoured by virtually all international historians and Okinawans, is that the Japanese army forced civilians to commit mass suicide, often directly ordering them to kill themselves and their families, and in all cases insisting they would be massacred by US forces if captured.

Japanese army units are accused of treating the civilian populace with brutal contempt even prior to their complete defeat, and abundant eye witness testimony from both Japanese and American sources generally convinces all but the most staunch revisionists.

That the invasion resulted in the death of some 150,000 Okinawan civilians, and over 100,000 Japanese soldiers is not seriously disputed.

Textbooks describing the events of the battle previously described the massacres as being the result of “日本軍の強制”, “compulsion by the Japanese military”, but in recent years a sustained effort by the ministry of education has seen efforts to force all textbooks to describe the civilian deaths as being “集団自決”, “mass suicides”.

The consensus amongst Okinawans appears to be that this is completely unacceptable.

In a survey of a thousand students from five of the archipelago’s universities, 99.4% felt that it was “important” to learn about the battle, and 86% knew about the massacres of civilians by the armed forces of Japan.

84% gave as a reason for the mass suicides the fact that “they were forced into killing themselves by the military government’s refusal to countenance surrender to the American forces”, whilst 4.4% gave the pathetic response that “they sacrificed their lives for their country, dying a beautiful death.” The rest did not know or gave other responses.

90% of participants were aware that the “army compulsion” account had been removed from textbooks, with 81% saying this was “not right,” and a mere 2.8% saying it was “right.”

However, in similar surveys conducted in the rest of Japan, 8% said the butchered Okinawan civilians died a “beautiful death”, and only 66% disapproved of the revision of the textbooks.

Okinawa, along with Hiroshima, are generally some of the most extreme advocates of Japan’s staunch pacifism, so such results are not entirely surprising.

The issue is made all the more sensitive by the strong independent cultural identity Okinawa enjoys, having only been formally annexed to Japan for 150 years, prior to which it enjoyed quasi-independence.

There is also a strong independence movement in Okinawa, which does not generally see eye to eye with Tokyo on historical matters, and none of this is helped by the relative poverty of the islands, and the stressful concentration of US forces there.

Of course, if 2ch is to be believed the noble Imperial Army was merely clearing up treacherous spies…

Via Mainichi.


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    Comment by ANON 69
    14:43 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (+0.2)

    I wish the world ends because humans are virus of this planet.

    Comment by Anonymous

    Start with yourself then. Send pictures or live feed please Im waiting ....

    Comment by abort-retry-fail
    13:43 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Well, it all started with Ulysses Grant favouring Japan for possessing the Ryukyu Islands of the time. So you can even blame the Americans well before WWII.

    Comment by TARUGO
    14:38 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Spanish, Japanese and Americans rape, killed and pillage my ancestors.

    Comment by Anonymous
    15:56 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (+0.2)

    Half of my ancestors were fucked over by the British after both world wars, and by the Turks and Germans before and during them.

    The other half are Brits and Germans. What a funny world we live in.

    Comment by Anonymous
    14:58 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    And who the hell are you?

    Comment by —-
    13:40 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Do Fillipino history books suck it to the Spaniards for giving them Jesus and some Spanish cuisine and language, while ignoring all the atrocities they commited there like in the Americas?

    Comment by Anonymous
    14:46 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Filipinos are probably masochists with death wishes. That's why they hated US for fending off the Japanese and burst their dreams of "dying a beautiful death" in the hands of Japanese.

    Ungrateful people are ungrateful.

    Comment by Anonymous
    15:05 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    LOL? Filipinos want to die in a beautiful death in the hands of those Japs? Are you in dope or something?

    Sorry to say, but majority of those Flips back in the 40s would rather suck the dick of those liberating GIs than to those Japs who had nothing to do but giving them some bukkake treatment.

    gb2 to history classes, kid.

    Comment by Anonymous
    17:19 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Your sarcasm detector just malfunctioned. I was obviously patronizing that Ichiro Ino guy and couple other Filipinos who keep bashing US in this post.

    Comment by Anonymous
    13:20 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    「History is written by the winners」

    Avatar of onitake
    Comment by onitake
    19:10 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    this reminds me, i wanted to go on holiday to okinawa this summer. must be nice there...

    Comment by hurc
    19:34 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Sorry for my bad English. I am from Japan. I myself suspect those Japanese main media (such as NHK) supporting “compulsion by the Japanese army”. Did you know this opinion? http://www.interq.or.jp/asia/showashi/n-column.htm (sorry for Japanese language only) This professor admits the fact of mass suicide using grenades. The gist of his research is as following: “ it was the local volunteer brigade members who delivered grenades to the residents to suggest suicide. This fact is endorsed by plural testimony. Imperial soldiers rather rejected the proposal from civilians to deliver arms for suicide.”
    Concerning this argument, it should be remembered that plural media reported last year (or two years ago?) although more than 100,000 people is said to have gathered in an assembly held in Okinawa to protest the government, the actual number of participants was some thousands.
    Calm judgement would be required to read about this sort of controversial issue.

    Comment by Anonymous
    20:39 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Thanks for the article. If the source is indeed credible then everything is just a ploy from NHK trying to frame the Imperial Army for something they didn't do and upset the Okinawans. The article said that this Captain Umezawa actually rejected the proposal of the local defense brigade to commit mass suicide using ammunition. And the "military order to commit suicide" was made up so people can get pensions from the government.

    Still, I have a feeling that Okinawa was pretty much abandoned by the Imperial Army by withholding ammunition, as if they didn't care what would happen to it. Goes to show that Okinawans are treated like second-class citizens in Japan. So that the Okinawans raged so hard at a fluke.

    Avatar of Artefact
    Comment by Artefact

    It is pretty well documented that American soldiers had extreme difficulty preventing civilians from killing themselves. Somebody had to tell these civilians to do this...

    Comment by Anonymous
    04:53 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    It's all because of Imperial Army's propaganda. Allies soldiers were portrayed to be pretty much like cannibalist who would torture and often eat their captives, when in fact Allies POWs are much better treated than Axis POWs, even though it's true that sometimes they "take no prisoners". Japan soldiers has the lowest rate of being capture alive because they would kill themselves rather than "being tortured by the Allies". A lot of the surrendered soldiers were surprised at how nice they were being treated(consider they almost resorted to cannibalism near the end of war). Japanese soldiers, on the other hand, committed atrocities 100 worse than the Allies. They have no value for human lives, combatants and civilians alike. Allies POWs have a death rates of 27% in the hands of Japanese, seven times higher than that of the German and Italian. Here is what happened to this poor fellow, who was in the movie "Flags of Our Fathers". Contains EXTREME GURO descriptions:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Ignatowski

    That aside, while Imperial Army higher-ups were behind everything, Japanese people aren't completely innocent either. They really should think for themselves instead of letting the military brainwash them.

    Comment by Waterfall Towers
    22:58 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    So are all the indigenous people. In Japan and in many parts of the world.

    Comment by Anonymous
    19:31 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    if the American economy sucks, how is it for the rest of the world? we american pigs are the biggest consumers of crap from other countries. my shoes are from China, my shirt is from the Philiphines, my computer is from Japan etc. where america goes the rest of the world follows. Health insurance? when compared to the rest of world? not too bad. America bashing is popular, but deep down inside many of you know that you need us more than we need you. enjoy living in youre hut/shack eating berries and leaves, while a Mexican cuts my grass, a Canadian writes my tv shows, iam eating Taco Bell serve by Nigerian immigrants enjoying freedoms that many of you will never experience

    Comment by Anonymous
    19:34 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (+0.2)

    and you should come down to the earth.

    Comment by Anonymous
    20:32 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    the truth hurts. please dont eat all the the berries and leaves it has to last the whole week before you and youre family get paid 20 cents an hour working in a sweatshop making Nikes for americans

    Avatar of Mitchell
    Comment by Mitchell
    20:03 22/08/2017 # ! Neutral (0)

    As a fellow American I can say this. I hate you, and your stupid, and a racist or a bigot. I cant decide right now.

    Comment by Anonymous
    03:47 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    I rather live in europe, thank you. The world does not need the USA at all, on the contrary.
    Just think what your live would be without your chinese shoes, philipin shirts, japanese computers, mexican grass cutters, canadian tv writers and nigerian servants. You’d sit in your hut/shack eating berries and leaves.

    Avatar of Artefact
    Comment by Artefact

    Just think what life would be like without all that American computer technology you are using right now, this site included.

    Comment by Anonymous
    06:03 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Computers have been invented in germany, by Zuse. Without america there would be other computer technology, but it still would be there.

    Avatar of Dirty_Dingus008
    Comment by Forlourned
    15:26 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    The stink of revisionism was experienced by myself when I was in Japan back in '04. I was flipping thru several stacks of manga magazines and stumbled across a story about a doctor that traveled thru much of China during WWII. I had to assume that it was popular since the chapter was in the 200 range or so. What smacked me upside my head was that chapter covered the incident that was later named 'The Rape of Nanking'.

    The details where brutal and spared in no favor of the Nippon soldiers and several pages followed as he witness the mass shootings and women being dragged into buildings with lurid faced young men and older higher ranking leaders assigning who to which area was for death or rape. Then I assume death of which was not drawn.

    One page showed the imagine of the doctor in the background looking down into a door as hunched over men silhouetted with only their twisted up eyes seen. I was to guess that they where enjoying the fucking. with the screams of the women being raped draw white in the darkness. His hesitation and horror was complemented with a rifle butt to his head for stopping to witness this and he was dragged away. He later then protested to a general(or some higher ranking officer, I didn't know) and suffered a beating afterwards for it. Because he was Japanese his life was spared. I looked at the older takubans and it looked like he came to China well before the war began.

    The last three pages moved away from the actual plot and became a historical summary of the incident. It showed the stairway of dead bodies and other grotesque images to further the impact of this disgraceful legacy by the Imperial Forces of Nippon.

    I damn myself for not buying it even when I was taken aback about the audacity of the author for showing this. Indeed, this chapter was never compiled into the takuban of which I looked for later in the year.

    I learned about the Outrage by the news media commentators and population complaining about this "fantasy" cooked up by the author. Hell, it might of been this site it was so long ago. And that was about two weeks after I put down that magazine when I read about it. I rushed outside to try to buy it, but I was too late and everywhere I looked. It simply disappeared. The pressure was so great the creators of the manga had to put in a apology in the magazine and explain to everyone that it was a mistake on his part for sensationalize the history of Japan during that war period.

    Remember this. They do not teach these parts of Nippon history at school and you'll be damn hard pressed to find it anywhere else there.

    It simply.

    Did.

    Not.

    Happen.

    Nothing to see here folks, move along.

    Comment by Anonymous
    15:34 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    ...and they don't teach Glorious Nippon's atrocities in other Asian countries?

    Oh okay, so these all sums up that Bataan Death March is fake. Sandakan Death March is fake. Manila Massacre didn't happen, etc etc.

    Because these events are all covered up by those anrgy Chinese as a propaganda just to discredit Glorious Nippon's image in the world.

    Oh you tennou heika, banzai! banzai!

    Avatar of Artefact
    Comment by Artefact

    Japan's numerous wartime atrocities aside, any resemblance of Chinese historical accounts to facts is merely coincidental.

    Comment by Anonymous
    16:12 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    tibetan masccra

    Comment by Anonymous
    01:45 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Please. Just. Shut. Up.

    Comment by Anonymous
    03:46 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    There are more lies in history books than you can imagine.

    One example: The bastille storming in france.
    Never happened, just some farmers demonstrating.

    Comment by Anonymous
    09:59 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    i hate america blah blah blah.. i bet, if given the chance many of you people would give up youre first born child to live here. enjoy living in youre third world countries, Canada included (Americas bitch).

    Comment by Anonymous
    10:05 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    lol, atleast our economy isn't down in the drain due to mismanagement of our country. There are tons of people without proper health insurance/care or even homes in your country and all you can think about is how other countries are 'inferior' to yours? That's just sad.

    Comment by Osirus
    13:04 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Canada has its own political turmoil which rarely makes the news around the world..minority governments and votes of no-confidence in the Prime Minister...

    Comment by Anonymous
    12:58 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    if the American economy sucks, how is it for the rest of the world? we american pigs are the biggest consumers of crap from other countries. my shoes are from China, my shirt is from the Philiphines, my computer is from Japan etc. where america goes the rest of the world follows. Health insurance? when compared to the rest of world? not too bad. America bashing is popular, but deep down inside many of you know that you need us more than we need you. enjoy living in youre hut/shack eating berries and leaves, while a Mexican cuts my grass, a Canadian writes my tv shows, iam eating Taco Bell serve by Nigerian immigrant enjoying freedoms that many of you will never experiance

    Comment by Anonymous
    21:49 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    @ anon #3 we get are own to do it like we supposed to since we sell them all ass.

    Comment by Anonymous
    03:17 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    I rather live in europe, thank you. The world does not need the USA at all, on the contrary.
    Just think what your live would be without your chinese shoes, philipin shirts, japanese computers, mexican grass cutters, canadian tv writers and nigerian servants. You'd sit in your hut/shack eating berries and leaves.

    Comment by Anonymous
    03:32 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    tell 'em brother

    Avatar of MidnightTide
    Comment by MidnightTide
    07:43 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    A big ole STFU / GTFO to you anon. Guess when your economy goes tits up, no hand outs to you from your Canadian neighbours.

    Comment by Anonymous
    03:10 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    You'd have to pay me a huge amount of money to make me live in the USA, a land almost as fashist as nazi germany once was.

    Avatar of MidnightTide
    Comment by MidnightTide
    09:54 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    LULZ @ the comments....get over it people, war isn't friendly, and for the most part, terrible things are going to happen.

    Comment by Anonymous
    10:25 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    anon is just another earthling

    Avatar of Castronaut
    Comment by Castronaut
    13:50 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Don't count us Earthlings out yet, alien scum!

    Comment by Anonymous
    09:41 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Sorry to go away from all the discussion there but Is that an egg in the burger in the picture? As an American I don't eat eggs in my burger like that... I might try it now, but is there some relevance to the random egg in the burger or is it just there to be there?

    Avatar of Castronaut
    Comment by Castronaut
    09:52 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    I think it's supposed to represent America's penchant for tasty yet heavy and unhealthy food.

    I know that Red Robin serves a burger with an egg on it. However, I've never been able to summon up the courage to eat it.

    Avatar of Gloglablyn
    Comment by Gloglablyn
    04:44 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Yeah, she also has a fake coca-cola bottle and is totally a cowgirl. One hat is heavily sterotyped of course, for the sake of entertainment.

    Avatar of softbanker
    Comment by softbanker
    09:51 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Wow lots of rage goin on here. History is what makes us as today so you spineless bastards just shut the hell up and just fap which is you all are better at doing than whine about the past.

    Comment by Anonymous
    09:55 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    In all posts, sir, yours is the best.

    Avatar of koto-chan
    Comment by Koto-Chan
    11:50 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    = Continues to hate americans. Its a confusing matter for me since I am Japanese/Filipino but they used Filipinos as one of their toys and killed the japanese using nuclear warfare. Well I cant say anything but its better to settle things like these through peace talk but again its history once done it should warn us that these things should never happen again

    Avatar of Dirty_Dingus008
    Comment by Forlourned
    15:35 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Hey there koto-chan.

    WATCH THIS and...

    LEARN:

    http://www.pjtv.com/video/Afterburner_/Jon_Stewart%2C_War_Criminals_%26_The_True_Story_of_the_Atomic_Bombs/1808/ [http://www.pjtv.com/video/Afterburner_/Jon_Stewart,_War_Criminals_&_The_True_Story_of_the_Atomic_Bombs/1808/]

    Avatar of koto-chan
    Comment by Koto-Chan
    17:53 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Well I truly believe that there are things such as these that will never show its face in common media I appreciate your efforts Forlourned. After all the winners will keep on hiding some of the facts that have tainted history in the case of america the usage of nuclear weapons (A. Bomb) in a war which showed tremendous deaths despite this usage no one even paid attention on this war crimes of the americans since they are the winners after all

    Comment by Anonymous
    19:05 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    The Imperial Army were giving many chances to surrender but they rejected the offers, when they were clearly losing the war. They had the intention of bringing battlefront to their home soil and inflicting maximum casualties on Allies troops so they can negotiate for better terms in a peace treaty. Also at that time, the Japanese military practically had the whole country under their control. The entire population was mobilized into factories and arsenals to produce vehicles, military equipments and supplies, things that would be otherwise used against the Allies troops. They were in a state of Total War. Even non-combatants could be considered hostile targets because of their aids into the war effort. Doesn't completely justify what happened, but 1) Japan could have surrendered before they dropped the bombs. 2) the civilians were also part of the military. When they refused to surrender, the Allies did what they had to do to end the war.

    Avatar of Dirty_Dingus008
    Comment by Forlourned
    03:36 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    koto-chan wrote:
    "Well I truly believe that there are things such as these that will never show its face in common media I appreciate your efforts -********-. After all the winners will keep on hiding some of the facts that have ta~"

    Did you even watch the video from that link I posted -several TIMES- that had quotes from JAPANESE SOLDIERS?!

    Who the fuck is hiding what?!!! The winners where the Allies in that war and primarily USA on the Pacific side. Atomic bomb deaths? More people where killed in the FIRE BOMBINGs then the two atomic bombs!

    Watch the goddamn video before you spew out this conspiracy shit! Wiki the fucking info about the leaflets and deaths! Google the shit on all about every single bit of information before you lay another turd.. It'll clean out the rusted sack of shit hidding up in your noggins.

    Comment by Tim W
    12:12 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    You do know that Japan invaded the Philippines at the beginning of WWII and took thousands and thousands of Filipino women into slavery to be used for sex by the Japanese army, right? Name one bad thing America did to the Philippines... name one.

    As for nuclear warfare against Japan??? The bombs dropped on Japan were not 'nuclear', they were atomic. Education is SO important. It is also well documented by all responsible historians that those two bombs, which killed far less people than the Japanese army killed in China, actually SAVED millions of Japanese lives... and is the sole reason that Japan is not a Soviet state today... the Soviet Union was prepared to invade Japan and totally destroy it, men, women, and children, and set up gulags which would have imprisoned nearly all Japanese people and taken them to Siberia so the Japanese islands could become a vacation land for Soviet leaders, along with valuable farmland to feed the Soviet people. The U.S. Also had over a million troops ready to invade Japan. There would be no Japan today if the U.S. hadn't used the atomic bomb.

    It's also fact that the U.S. was solely responsible for rebuilding Japan after the war... every penny, every company that formed, from Sony to Nissan exists because of rebuilding efforts by the U.S. after the war.

    So, Japan attacked the U.S.... we had to fight back, but we always realized it wasn't the average Japanese person that was our enemy. And we proved that after we ended the war by making Japan a major 1st world nation.

    Facts, facts... PLEASE read history books!

    Avatar of koto-chan
    Comment by Koto-Chan
    13:41 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Like I said its nuclear and the atomic bomb is the only nuclear weapon used in a war http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_warfare

    Comment by Anonymous
    14:25 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    And yet Tim W is right about decision to nuke Japan at that time. Japan was prepared to fight to the last men had US invaded Japanese soil, which would have been necessary to end the war if they didn't surrender. Not to mention Soviet Union peeking at the back door, Japan would have become the East Germany in Asia had they succeeded. It's ironic but the nukes killed a lot less people than the potential casualties on both sides had the war dragged on.

    Avatar of Dirty_Dingus008
    Comment by Forlourned
    15:33 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Just watch this video in regards to the nuking of Japan. Learn a small bit of history that will never show up in school OR college.

    http://www.pjtv.com/video/Afterburner_/Jon_Stewart%2C_War_Criminals_%26_The_True_Story_of_the_Atomic_Bombs/1808/ [http://www.pjtv.com/video/Afterburner_/Jon_Stewart,_War_Criminals_&_The_True_Story_of_the_Atomic_Bombs/1808/]

    Suck it Jon Stewart you little.. little boy.

    Avatar of Dirty_Dingus008
    Comment by Forlourned
    15:37 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Third times the charm!

    Learn the truth about the Bomb!

    http://www.pjtv.com/video/Afterburner_/Jon_Stewart%2C_War_Criminals_%26_The_True_Story_of_the_Atomic_Bombs/1808/ [http://www.pjtv.com/video/Afterburner_/Jon_Stewart,_War_Criminals_&_The_True_Story_of_the_Atomic_Bombs/1808/]

    Comment by Anonymous
    12:46 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    "Name one bad thing America did to the Philippines… name one."

    You're asking for it. LMAO.

    http://www.yonip.com/main/articles/apology.html

    300,000 civilians perished during the Philippine-American War thanks to the scorched earth military tactics and brutal interrogation techniques employed by the ever glorious US military.

    Shitsucks. Those Americunt pigs often dub the war as "Philippine Insurrection" while it was fought in a newly-independent nation. What gives them the right to call it an insurgency, huh? It's apparently an invasion if you ask me.

    And oh, you might want to read this one, too: http://cpcabrisbane.org/Kasama/2004/V18n3/ForbiddenBook.htm

    I highly recommend to read it as a HISTORY book.

    Comment by Osirus
    12:58 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Put into context, there was a major outbreak of cholera during the war the took the majority of lives of soldiers and civilians alike.

    It's easy to spit out numbers without any regard to the conditions of the time.

    Also should be noted is that the US courts did in fact place in trial and find guilty commanders who took part in war crimes against the Filipinos.

    Comment by Anonymous
    13:14 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    McKinley got what he deserved for being assassinated. LMAO.

    Comment by Tatoosh
    13:31 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Philippines etc etc ...

    There are lots of distortions due to political or social agendas when it comes to history.

    One bad thing the US did? It didn't treat the Philippines the way it did Cuba. Why did Cuba get independence and the Philippines did not? Okay, part of it might be that the Germans, Japanese and others were eyeing it as a potential subject state. The US was there already, why free it from the Spanish to watch the Kaiser or the Emperor walk in and take it?

    The numbers killed in the Philippine American War are highly disputed. And attitudes toward the US presence in the Philippines were quite divergent depending on the situation. Some of the rich wanted them there to curb the unwashed masses' desire for land reform, some of the unwashed masses wanted them there to stop the exploitation by the rich "datus" (aka local chiefs or powerful families).

    No one was spotless in the affair, but as an imperial power, the US was generally better behaved than other similar occupiers, turning over most of the governance of the country to Filipinos within a fifteen years and granting full independence as scheduled in 1946. That date was in place well before WWII.

    The ability of critical self analysis and historical accuracy stands in sharp contrast to many cultures that are motivated by self interest of the rulers or power elite.

    Worth mentioning, the US did not teach about the extermination and concentration camp/reservation treatment of Native Americans until the last thirty or so years. Before that it was an untidy skeleton in the closet that most chose to ignore.

    Comment by Anonymous
    18:16 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Don't blame your failure to thrive on US. How well does the economy of a country develop depends on lots of factors like geographic locations. At least Philippine is better off than Laos, Cambodia, Burma, etc. If anything US actually gave you guys democracy and a chance to vote for your leader.

    And Philippine will be better off in the hands of Japanese? Go tell that to the Chinese! Japanese soldiers raepd and killed 300,000 Chinese in six weeks during their occupation of Nanking. If US didn't intervene, Japan would have decimated your country. And you won't even exist because Japanese raepd and killed your ancestors. It's ignorant people like you that cause the demise of your own country.

    Comment by Anonymous
    12:48 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    An oh, burn those Philippine history books used in high school these days! All of them contain whitewashed lies and bullshit!

    Comment by Anonymous
    15:13 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Heh, it would be better if the Philippines fell in the hands of the Japanese after the Spanish were kicked out.

    Americans taught us individualism and what happened? Where's the unity among the people here? Have we equipped with collective minds long before (yes for the good of the nation and society), the country would have been in the same ranks as South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Japan.

    Sucks for this country.

    Comment by Anonymous
    20:13 23/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    ^

    And ignorant people like you who know nothing about the on-going US economic and foreign policies here in the Philippines is the cause of the country's demise.

    Comment by Anonymous
    03:27 24/06/2009 # ! Neutral (0)

    Read hisrory books? The victorious write the history books. The USA, in this case. Quite obvious thet the use of nuclear weapony (A-bombs ARE nuclear weapons) is... well... "justified".

    The Sovjet Union had already lost quite a bit of land to Japan and was not ready to invade at all. Had Japan not attacked the USA and concentrated the forces against the russians they would've probably won.

    Again, the victorious write the history books, so of course the russians were not almost defeated. Yeah, right.










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